Do not include lures for other target species in the trap when trapping for this target.
There are two alpha pinene products available in the IPHIS Ordering Database: 1) Alpha Pinene Lure and 2) Alpha Pinene UHR Lure. The Alpha Pinene Lure is an un-gelled lure in a bottle dispenser that is used by the PPQ Program for Tomicus piniperda (pine shoot beetle). This lure should only be used for the program survey.
The Alpha Pinene UHR Lure is a polysleeve, ultra-high release dispenser used for other EWB/BB targets. This lure should be used with the Ethanol Lure for the following four EWB/BB targets: Hylobius abietis, Hylurgops palliatus, Hylurgus ligniperda, Monochamus alternatus, and Tomicus destruens.
The release rates of these lures are highly temperature-dependent. However, CAPS has listed a conservative length of effectiveness that will be effective for even the warmest climates in the CAPS community.
Morphological: Examination by a taxonomist with expertise in the weevil subfamily Scolytinae is required for identification. Examine specimens under a microscope with 70-110X magnifications and gooseneck lighting sources.
1. To determine if the specimen is Tomicus, use Passoa and Cavey (1994) followed by Brodel (2005 - rev. 2009).
To determine species of Tomicus (destruens, minor, or piniperda), use Brodel (2005 - rev. 2009) with Brodel (2000).
Present in the U.S.: The PPQ program pest, T. piniperda, pine shoot beetle
Not present in U.S.: T. minor