Stolbur disease - Candidatus Phytoplasma solani 16SrXII-A

EEffective: April 6, 2018
Screening Aids:
Taxonomic Position: :
Pest Type: Phytoplasma
This pest is a member of the following lists:

These Approved Methods are appropriate for: 2023, 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016
Major Hosts identified in the Host Matrix:
Pest is vectored by:
Approved Method(s):
Survey Instruction Details:
Key Diagnostics

Mistaken Identities:
In Progress / Literature-based Diagnostics:
  1. Aryan, A., Brader, G., Mörtel, J., Pastar, M., and Riedle-Bauer, M. 2014. An abundant 'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani tuf b strain is associated with grapevine, stinging nettle and Hyalesthes obsoletus. European Journal of Plant Pathology 140:213–227.
  2. Clair, D., Larrue, J., Aubert, G., Gillet, J., Cloquemin, G., and Boucon-Padieu, E. 2003. A multiplex nested-PCR assay for sensitive and simultaneous detection and direct identification of phytoplasma in the Elm yellows group and Stolbur group and its use in survey of grapevine yellows in France. Vitis 42(3): 151-157.
  3. Cvrkovic, T., Jovic, J., Mitrovic, M., Krstic, O., and Tosevski, I. 2014. Experimental and molecular evidence of Reptalus panzeri as a natural vector of bois noir. Plant Pathology 63: 42-53.
  4. Holeva, M.C., Glynos, P.E., Karafla, C.D., Koutsioumari, E.M., Simoglou, K.B., and Eleftheriadis, E. 2014. First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' associated with potato plants in Greece. Plant Disease 98(12): 1739.
  5. Jovic, J., Cvrkovic, T., Mitrovic, M., Krnjajic, S., Petrovic, A., Redinbaugh, M. G., Pratt, R. C., Hogenhout, S. A., and Tosevski, I. 2009. Stolbur phytoplasma transmission to maize by Reptalus panzeri and the disease cycle of maize redness in Serbia. Phytopathology 99:1053-1061.
  6. Lotos, L., Tsialtas, J.T., Maliogka, V.I., Kaloumenos, N., Eleftherohorinos, I.G., and Katis, N.I. 2013. First report of a "Candidatus Phytoplasma solani" related strain associated with a disease of Datura stramonium in Greece. Journal of Plant Pathology 95(2): 447.
  7. Maixner, M. 2011. Recent advances in bois noir research. Petria 21: 17–32.
  8. Mori, N., Quaglino, F., Tessari, F., Pozzebon, A., Bulgari, D., Casati, P., and Blanco, P.A. 2015. Investigation on 'bois noir' epidemiology in north-eastern Italian vineyards through a multidisciplinary approach. Annals of Applied Biology 166: 75–89.
  9. Quaglino, F., Maghradze, D., Chkhaidze, N., Casati, P., Failla, O., and Bianco, P.A. 2014. First report of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani' and 'Candidatus Phytoplasma convolvuli' associated with grapevine bois noir and bindweed yellows, respectively, in Georgia. Plant Disease 98(8): 1151.
  10. Quaglino, F., Zhao, Y., Casati, P., Bulgarii, D., Bianco, P. A., and Wei, W. 2013. 'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani', a novel taxon associated with stolbur and bois noir related diseases of plants. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63: 2879-2894.