Mediterranean cereal cyst nematode - Heterodera latipons
Effective: August 18, 2010
Taxonomic Position: Tylenchida : Heteroderidae
Pest Type: Nematodes
This pest is a member of the following lists:

List 2017 2018 2019
Cyst Nematode reference reference reference
Small Grains reference reference reference
This datasheet represents an Approved Method for: 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Major Hosts identified in the CAPS Host Matrix*:
Pest is vectored by:
Approved Method(s):
Survey Instruction Details:
Key Diagnostics
Approved Method(s):

Mistaken Identities:
In Progress / Literature-based Diagnostics:
  1. Abidou, H., Valette, S., Gautheire, J.P., Rivoal, R., El-Ahmed, A., and Yahyaoui, A. 2005. Molecular polymorphism and morphometrics of species of Heterodera avenae group in Syria and Turkey. Journal of Nematology 37(2): 146-154.
  2. Bekal, S., Gauthier, J.P., and Rivoal, R. 1997. Genetic diversity among a complex of cereal cyst nematodes inferred from RFLP analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region. Genome 40: 479-486.
  3. Franklin, M. T. 1969. Heterodera latipons n. sp., a cereal cyst nematode from the Mediterranean region. Nematologica 15: 535-542.
  4. Greco, N., Vovlas, N., Troccoli, A., and Inserra, R.N. 2002. The Mediterranean cereal cyst nematode, Heterodera latipons: a menace to cool season cereals of the United States. Nematology Circular No. 221, Florida Dept. Agriculture and Conservation Services, Division of Plant Industry.
  5. Handoo, Z. 2002. A key and compendium to species of the Heterodera avenae group (Nematoda: Heteroderidae). Journal of Nematology 34(3): 250-262.
  6. Madani, M., Vovlas, N., Castillo, P., Subbotin, S.A., and Moens, M. 2004. Molecular characterization of cyst nematode species (Heterodera spp.) from the Mediterranean basin using RFLPs and sequences of ITS-rDNA. Journal of Phytopathology 152: 229-234.
  7. Mokabli, A., Valette, S., and Rivoal, R. 2001. Différenciation de quelques espèces de nématodes à kystes des céréales ed des graminées par èlectrophorèse sur gel d’acétate de cellulose. Nematologia Mediterranea 29: 103-108.
  8. Mulvey, R.H. 1972. Identification of Heterodera cysts by terminal and cone top structures. Canadian Journal of Zoology 50: 1277-1292.
  9. Nicol, J.M. 2002. Important nematode pests of cereals. In: Curtis, B.C. (Ed.). Wheat production and improvement. FAO Plant Production and Protection Series, FAO Rome, Italy, pp. 345-366.
  10. Rivoal, R., and Cook, R. 1993. Nematode pests of cereals. In: Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Temperate Agriculture. K. Evans, D.L. Trudgill, and D.M. Webser (eds). CAB International, Wallingford, UK. Pp. 259-303.
  11. Rivoal, R., Valette, S., Bekal, S., Gauthier, J.-P., and Yahyaoui, A. 2003. Genetic and phenotypic diversity in the graminaceous cyst nematode complex, inferred from PCR-RFLP of ribosomal DNA and morphometric analysis. European Journal of Plant Pathology 109: 227-241.
  12. Subbotin, S.A., Vierstraete, A., De Ley, P., Rowe, J., Waeyenberge, L., Moens, M., and Vanfleteren, J.R. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships within the cyst-forming nematodes (Nematoda, Heteroderidae) based on analysis of sequences from the ITS regions of ribosomal DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 21: 1-16.
  13. Subbotin, S.A., Waeyenberge, L., Molokanova, I.A., Moens, M. 1999. Identification of Heterodera avenae group species by morphometrics and rDNA-RFLPs. Nematology 1: 195-207.
  14. Tanha Maafi, Z., Subbotin, S.A., and Moens, M. 2003. Molecular identification of cyst-forming nematodes (Heteroderidae) from Iran and a phylogeny based on ITS-rDNA sequences. Nematology 5(1): 99-111.
  15. Toumi, F., Waeyenberge, L., Viaene, N., Dababat, A., Nicol, J. M., Ogbonnaya, F., and Moens, M. 2013. Development of a species-specific PCR to detect the cereal cyst nematode, Heterodera latipons. Nematology 15 (6): 709-717.