Golden nematode - Globodera rostochiensis

EEffective: August 18, 2010
Taxonomic Position: Tylenchida : Heteroderidae
Pest Type: Nematodes
This pest is a member of the following lists:

Cyst Nematode
Solanaceous Hosts
These Approved Methods are appropriate for: 2023, 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015
Major Hosts identified in the Host Matrix:
Pest is vectored by:
Approved Method(s):
Survey Instruction Details:
Key Diagnostics

Mistaken Identities:
In Progress / Literature-based Diagnostics:
  1. Alenda, C., Gallot-Legrand, A., Fouville, D., and Grenier, E. 2013. Sequence polymorphism of nematode effectors highlights molecular differences among the subspecies of the tobacco cyst nematode complex. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 84 (1): 107-114.
  2. Baldwin, J.G., and Mundo-Ocampo, M. 1991. Heteroderinae, cyst- and non-cyst forming nematodes. In: Manual of Agricultural Nematology. W.R. Nickle (ed). Pp. 275-362. New York: Marcel Dekker.
  3. Chronis, D., Chen, S., Skantar, A.M., Zasada, I.A., and Wang, X. 2014. A new chorismate mutase gene identified from Globodera ellingtonae and its utility as a molecular diagnostic marker. European Journal of Plant Pathology 139 (2): pp. 239-246.
  4. Douda, O., Zouhar, M., Renčo, M., and Marek, M. 2014. Molecular and morphological exploration of a mixed population of two potato-parasiting nematode species, Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida Helminthologia (Poland) 51 (1): 3-6.
  5. Madani, M., Ward, L. J., and De Boer, S. H. 2008. Multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction for identifying potato cyst nematodes, Globodera pallida and Globodera rostochiensis, and the tobacco cyst nematode, Globodera tabacum. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 30: 554-564.
  6. Nakhla, M.K., Owens, K.J., Li, W., Carta, L., Skantar, A., and Levy, L. 2008. Development of real-time PCR for the detection and identification of potato cyst nematode. Abstr. Phytopathology 98(6): S111.
  7. Nakhla, M.K., Owens, K.J., Li, W., Wei, G., Skantar, A.M, and Levy, L. 2010. Multiplex real-time PCR assays for the identification of the potato cyst and tobacco cyst nematodes. Plant Disease 94: 959-965.
  8. Papayiannis, L.C., Christoforou, M., Markou, Y.M., and Tsaltas, D. 2013. Molecular typing of cyst-forming nematodes Globodera pallida and G. rostochiensis, using real-time PCR and evaluation of five methods for template preparation. Journal of Phytopathology 161 (7-8): 459-469.
  9. Pylypenko, L.A., Uehara, T., Phillips, M.S., Sigareva, D.D., and Blok, V.C. 2005. Identification of Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida in the Ukraine by PCR. European Journal of Plant Pathology 111: 39-46.
  10. Skantar, A. M., Handoo, Z.A., Carta, L.K., and Chitwood, D.J. 2007. Morphological and molecular identification of Globodera pallida associated with potato in Idaho. Journal of Nematology 39(2): 133-144.
  11. Subbotin, S.A., Mundo-Ocampo, M., and Baldwin, J.G. 2010. Systematics of Cyst Nematodes (Nematoda: Heteroderinae). Nematology Monograph and Perspectives Volume 8A. Brill, Leiden-Boston, 351 pp.
  12. Tanha Maafi, Z., Subbotin, S.A., and Moens, M. 2003. Molecular identification of cyst-forming nematodes (Heteroderidae) from Iran and a phylogeny based on ITS-rDNA sequences. Nematology 5(1): 99-111.
  13. Toyota, K., Shirakashi, T., Sato, E., Wada, S., and Min, Y.Y. 2008. Development of real-time PCR method for the potato-cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis and the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 54: 72-76.
  14. Van de Vossenberg, B.T.L.H., Voogd, J.G.B., Westenberg, M., and Karssen, G. . 2014. Comparison of three conventional PCR test (Bulman & Marshall, 1997) versions for the molecular identification of Globodera pallida and G. rostochiensis cysts and juveniles. EPPO Bulletin 44 (1): 27-33.
  15. Yu, H., Chronis, D., Lu, S., and Wang, X. 2011. Chorismate mutase: An alternatively spliced parasitism gene and a diagnostic marker for three important Globodera nematode species. European Journal of Plant Pathology 129 (1): 89-102.