Panama disease; Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense) is a fungal pathogen of banana. It is a native of Southeast Asia and was first detected in Australia in 1876.
Fusarium wilt or Panama disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp cubense is the most destructive disease of banana worldwide. By 1950 it had spread to all the banana-producing regions of the world with the exception of some islands in the South Pacific, the Mediterranean, Melanesia and Somalia.