Exotic Pest Reporting
Michael McClure, University of Arizona, Bugwood.org
Seed-gall nematode (Anguina funesta) is a nematode pest of Ryegrass. It is a native of Australia and was first detected in Oregon in 1940- mid 1960's.
Galls infected with the bacterium, Rathayibacter toxicus, are fatally toxic to grazing livestock.