Exotic Pest Reporting
Photo by I. T. Riley
Annual ryegrass toxicity
Annual ryegrass toxicity (Rathayibacter toxicus) is a bacterial pathogen of Ryegrass. It is a native of Australia.
R. toxicus in soil adheres to the surface of the Anguina nematode and is carried into the plant when the nematode feeds. Bacteria grow in the seed heads, and in galls formed by the nematode, where they proliferate as yellow bacterial slime. Bacteria reenter the soil when infected seeds fall. Toxins are produced by R. toxicus as the grass matures. When infected grasses are consumed, animals suffer neurological symptoms, toxicosis and death.
Summaries of State Plant Protection Laws and Regulations
06/20/2016 - Rathayibacter toxicus, select agent
03/23/2015 - Ryegrass screening method aids farmers